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New Expectations of the People for a New Era---Summary Report of Questionnaire Survey on Different Social Groups

Date: 2018-06-13

 
To better understand the needs of the people in the new era, the Social Survey Center of the Counsellors’ Office of the State Council conducted a random sampling nationwide.
 
This survey divides society into eight groups: workers, farmers, public institution staff (government officials, SOE management, medical staff, and teachers), white-collars (office workers in private and foreign businesses), business-owners and management (non-SOE), individual proprietors and freelancers, old-age citizens (people over 60 years old in cities and the countryside), and college students. The total sample size is 3,133, covering 25 provinces, municipalities, and autonomous regions. According to the different sizes and homogeneity of different groups and factors like regions and levels of development in cities, a sample sized between 100 to 600 was determined for each group.
 
The questionnaires were sent out by graduate students of Peking University and Minzu University and the surveyors of DATASEA Marketing Research, Dataway, and RealWise, who delivered to households and designated places and sent online.
 
The findings are as following:
I The people are generally satisfied and optimistic about the future
1. How satisfied are you about the various aspects of your life? 15% said very satisfied and 53% relatively satisfied. 23% said it was OK, 2% not very satisfied, and 7% not satisfied.
2. How do you think life and the living environment has changed compared with three or five years ago? 30% said much better, 47% a little bit better, 16% almost the same, and only 7% said worse or much worse.
3. How do you foresee life and the living environment in three or five years? 32% said much better than now, 51% a bit better, and only 6% no idea or not clear.
It shows that the people are personally feeling the good results of the hard work of the Communist Party of China and the government in governing the country since the 18th CPC National Congress.
 
II The people’s needs are more diversified and shifting to areas other than the economy
We laid out 25 categories of needs, including the living environment, living conditions, public services, and power accessibility. To determine the sequence of important of the various needs, we considered the universality and urgency of the needs and identified a priority indicator for improving the needs as shown in the following table.
 
Order
25 Categories of Needs
universality %
urgency
Indicator of Priority in Improvement
1
air quality
49.5
1.65
81.9
2
food/drug safety
47.3
1.45
68.5
3
individual and household income
31.8
1.33
42.3
4
housing conditions
28.6
1.30
37.2
5
healthcare protection/not worried about visiting the doctor
37.3
1.00
37.2
6
environmental condition
36.1
0.94
34.0
7
old-age care/not worried about getting old
31.6
0.92
29.0
8
daily means of transport
30.1
0.90
27.2
9
water quality
31.0
0.84
26.2
10
children’s education/not worried about school admission
27.3
0.58
15.7
11
children’s equal access to education resources
29.7
0.49
14.7
12
job security/not worried about the difficulty in finding a job or the possibility of losing a job
24.8
0.49
12.0
13
fairness and integrity in government departments
30.1
0.37
11.2
14
fair and reasonable distribution of income
29.9
0.37
11.1
15
opportunities for landing jobs, starting up businesses, and promotion
25.7
0.42
10.8
16
government services for the people
30.5
0.34
10.5
17
basic rights as a citizen, rights to information, participation, expression, and oversight
25.0
0.21
5.3
18
social safety/individual and asset safety
14.9
0.33
4.9
19
possibility in realizing personal worth/sense of achievement
16.2
0.23
3.7
20
daily necessities such as food, clothing, and others
11.6
0.31
3.6
21
expansive government powers
23.2
0.12
2.8
22
private life respected/ protection of privacy
17.1
0.15
2.5
23
inviolability of private assets
13.1
0.19
2.5
24
colorful life
14.2
0.15
2.2
25
respect from others in work and life
11.2
0.11
1.2