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Counsellor Qiu Baoxing: Smart Cities Should Focus on Providing Public Goods

Source: www. news.cn Date: 2016-12-01


The 2016 National Governance Forum co-hosted by COSC and www.news.cn was held at the Capital Hotel on November 24th, with a focus on “new normal, new economy and new dynamism”. Counsellor Qiu Baoxing delivered a keynote speech. 
 
The 2016 National Governance Forum co-hosted by COSC and www.news.cn was held at the Capital Hotel on November 24th, with a focus on “new normal, new economy and new dynamism”. Counsellor Qiu Baoxing delivered a keynote speech at the Roundtable “Digital Economy: Trends of the Future”. He said smart cities must start from providing public goods, use smart means to tackle urban problems and promote green development.

Digital economy has its own features.
Qiu Baoxing believes that the digital economy has its own features.

First, digits had been something fictional in history, but have become an important asset of our age, which have increased in value with the advent of the age of big data.

Second, this important asset has experienced explosive growth at a fast speed. As all things can be connected, data are created and need to be analyzed.

Third, digitalization has therefore become an unprecedented movement. Digitalization greatly improves the efficiency of resources utilization.

Smart cities provide four categories of essential public goods.
What kind of role should the government play in the digital economy? Qiu believes that with the advent of the digital economy, the digital economy itself should be part of the public goods. The government should focus on public goods. Currently, there are some misunderstandings on smart cities, with confusion on the relationship between public goods and commercial goods.

Qiu put public goods of smart cities into four categories: first, smart cities of energy conservation and emission reductions; second, smart cities for disaster prevention and relief; third, smart cities with efficient government administration; fourth, smart cities that address urban problems. It is important to make diagnoses of cities, improve the ecology and use the Internet to develop green buildings and green communities with green transport, smart water management, smart energy and air pollution treatment.

Smog treatment is not a one-off action and requires dynamic efforts.
Qiu Baoxing used air pollution as an example to explain the applications of smart cities.

There have been heated discussions on air pollution. People are asking about the causes of air pollution. Qiu Baoxing believes that the reasons are different for each month and even each day. This calls for targeted approach to tackle the pollution and dynamic monitoring, testing and response.

According to Qiu, smog has three transformations. For the first time, it is pure particles. For the second time, the particles are combined with water to form inorganic particles, which then are merged with chemicals to produce organic particles. Overall, smog is evolving, with different transformations though. One needs to analyze the transformation, measure its intensity, and come up with effective solutions. Therefore, it is absurd to have one-off efforts to tackle smog. There must be intelligent responses.